Dissemination of coffee in the world

The exact date when the Arabs began to cultivate coffee is unknown, yet scientists place the fact in Arabia, near the Red Sea, close to 675 AD.

In the 14th century, the Arabs took the plant to Yemen, where soon the first plantations appeared and the virtues and economic possibilities of coffee were discovered, so much that cultivation techniques were secretly preserved and attempts made to prevent the exit of the seeds.

At the beginning of the 17th century, coffee entered Europe through Venice in Italy. From there, it traveled to Holland, France, England and Germany.

Coffee consumption in Europe rose and the first coffee shops were created.

The success of the beverage led the Dutch to cultivate it in their colonies and Holland began to dominate world coffee production

In 1713, on the occasion of a peace treaty, France received its first coffee plant from Dutch hands. Thus, coffee arrived at the court of Louis XIV, and eminent botanist Antoine de Jussieu was charged with its cultivation in the Paris Botanical Garden.

According to history, in 1714, the Dutch brought the first coffee seeds to the New World, specifically to Dutch Guyana (present day Surinam).

Later, the French decided to send a coffee plant to their colonies in America (Martinique and French Guyana) with French Captain Gabriel De Clieu, who experienced countless adventures to enable the plant to arrive alive at its destination. This only plant was the origin of the extensive coffee plantations in Latin America.

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